Following the „terminalization“ and „containerization“ of supply chains, the seaports and inland terminals of the Ukraine are playing a more active role in global supply chain and are thereby achieving an integration role besides a mere buffer function. Applying the system approach in logistics means to link up the efficient transshipment, hinterland transport, sea shipping and port development within the international network. In view of increasing of this network and of a more vertical integration in supply chains, the port areas (the maritime regions) have achieved a level of high importance in the world wide economic value chain.
The recent logistic development of the maritime region of Odessa (South of Ukraine) motivates the building of a logistic cluster. The positive cluster effects like creation of new jobs, securing the long-term competitiveness of the harbors, etc. is expected to be achieved thanks to close cooperation between various actors in the region and abroad. The Ukraine Maritime Cluster is a joint initiative by national and international firms, universities and intermodal operators, as well as regional and local authorities adjusted by the Ministry of Transport of Ukraine. Three main maritime hubs – the port of Odessa, the port of Iljichevsk and the port of Juzhnyj – form the traditional logistics background of the region. The concept of the cluster, which was born in cooperation with Odessa Maritime University and European-Ukrainian Business Agency (EUA), is in need to be further developed and improved. The European best practice of cluster building will be tested and adapted to Ukrainian conditions considering the specifically socio-cultural, economical and political situation of the country. The networking and knowledge exchange is currently based on the engagement of EUA mostly through the Network Platform EUKN (European-Ukrainian Competence Network), in joining conferences and meetings, in cooperation with German research and education institutions.
The triad of economic, ecological and social sustainability goals shaping the global logistics industry can only be reached with the involvement of various decision makers from different competence areas. The emerging cluster in Odessa contributes to this goals as a pilot project for Ukraine.
More than 20 institutions for Higher Education and about 80 Research Institutes are situated in the Odessa region. The region of Odessa was supported by the EU and national authorities in the development of its ports and hinterland infrastructure.
The Odessa region is a member of the Assembly of European Regions (AER),the Association of European Border Regions (AEBR), the Euroregion “Lower Danube”, the Conference of Peripheral Maritime Regions of Europe (CPMR), the Assembly of European Wine-Producing Regions (AEWR) and the Working Community of the Danube Countries (WCDC).
The Odessa regional innovation development centre is a member of the Regional Innovation Development Centres Network. In 2005, the Odessa Commercial Port was honoured with the GBC Innovation Award.
In recent years the European Union was Ukraine’s largest and most important commercial partner. However, the country itself has developed into a big business market for European companies. Being a transit country from Europe to the boom markets of East Asia and Russia, Ukraine has a large transport and logistics capacity and a well developed infrastructure.
Odessa´s share in the traffic of goods compose 20%. The region is situated on the IX Pan-European Corridor, on the historical Silk Road and is a member of the BSEC (BLACK SEA ECONOMIC COOPERATION).
Near 75% of the whole state industrial potential is situated in the Odessa region and related to 7 ports: Port of Odessa, Port of Yuzhniy, Port of Illichivsk, Port of Reni, Port of Izmai, Port of Ust-Dunay, Port of Belgorod-Dnestrovsk and also dockyards and shipbuilding plants.
Potential for increased growth and competitiveness
- Using the Ukrainian Black Sea path as the shortest way from Asia to Europe;
- Perspective of river route of the Danube (VII Pan-European Corridor);
- Development, modernisation and specialisation of ports, logistics zones in hinterland;
- Ukraine is a growing logistics market, especially the Black Sea Region
Map: Odessa regional connections